— “If I’m ready on time, I may/Might use that path.” / “If I was ready on time, I might use that path.” / “If I had been ready on time, I might have used that path.” = We can also use mayand mightin the first, second and third conditional instead of will and would. Menu. For example, Alan can swim well. May have We may have passed the math exam, but it was in Spanish. You can learn more about other model verbs which have different uses: External link to May and Might: Modals of Possibility exercises (172). (expresses a fact or possibility) 2) You must clean your plate before you have dessert. 3. Jack may be upset. My keys might be in the car. Modals A – may/might (Permission, Possibility) Average: 3.8 (37 votes) Tue, 07/02/2013 - 06 ... To understand the difference in meaning of these two examples it’s best to look at modal verbs using the words intrinsic and extrinsic which are often used to describe modal verbs. You should introduce yourself; he may/might not remember you. The bus drivers might not have been able to see the smaller, lower car. Past: Peter might have been stuck Study the modal descriptions and complete the exercises to take another step towards English fluency. For example: They are not here yet. Modal Verbs for Possibility Structure. They are always followed by the simple form of a verb. Open possibility, generally expressed by forms of the modal verb Can, ; Authority or potential ability, usuallly expressed by forms of the modal verb May. Might sentence examples. " He might listen to you if you stop screaming. " The modals may and might both express possibility.However, may is used when there is a higher possibility for something to happen. You should see to the doctor. Examples: may; might; Modal verbs are helping/auxiliary verbs that express ideas like ability, permission, possibility, and necessity. The structures are: May: We start with the subject followed by may and a verb. If you could see a way it might be possible, then it must be possible. Modal auxiliary verbs in English. It might not rain today. We can use May not to NOT give permission or to PROHIBIT someone from doing something. The roads snowed all night on the rocks, watch out that your car may slide. 1. This shows that Alan has the ability to swim. However, may is used when there is a higher possibility for something to happen. Example: The President said he might come. Introduction We use the modal verbs "must have", "can't have" and "might have" to make guesses or deductions about an action in the past that we believe has definitely happened, has definitely not happened or possibly happened, based on our knowledge, information or evidence, or lack of it. Present/Future Probability Examples. Links to tests included. Introduction We use the modal verbs "must have", "can't have" and "might have" to make guesses or deductions about an action in the past that we believe has definitely happened, has definitely not happened or possibly happened, based on our knowledge, information or evidence, or lack of it. Present. Examples: Your purse might be in the living room. : May have: We may have passed the math exam, but it was in Spanish. (expresses a command) 3) I might go to the park after school today. Modal verb Modal verbs are also sometimes called modals. (future possibility) 2. The verb “might” is used to express: Slight possibility. This sentence uses the modal verb “must.” 2. We use these modals to describe a possible action. Just like the other modal verbs, there is never an S at the end of may or might: She mights stay. It looks nice, but it might be very expensive. Past Probability Examples: While representing positive probability about past you will use, may have/ might have/ could have and past participle form of the verb. (This is NOT CORRECT) She might stay. 6. We use might, may or could to say that we think something is possible but we’re not sure. For example, Alan can swim well. We can use may, might and could to talk about things that are possible in the present and future. To express (future) possibility. Use Examples; force, necessity: I must go to the supermarket today. It might rain today. Modal verbs for requests shows how to use can, could, and would to make polite requests in English. — “I might want to use that path if I’m ready on time.” = There is a possibility that I might go, but it depends on the time I’m ready. Modal: Example: Would have: If I had guessed the future, I would have taken some precautions againist what would happen. Both can be used to express actions in the future or the present. Here we are saying that something was possible in the past but we are not sure. The verb “may” is used to express: Possibility. Perhaps he is tired. Learn how and when to use modal verbs in English with rules and example sentences. To indicate that something is probable or possible, or not so. Either modal verb can be used. (I am not exactly sure why they aren’t here) Frank may be able to help us with the problem. MODAL VERBS —– “COULD” “COULD” is one of the most used modal verbs in English. 666. These words can change the meaning of a sentence and show that something is possible, necessary, uncertain, or intended. We use may and might in the same way most of the time, but there are some differences between them: The modals may and might both express possibility. (This is NOT correct – we don’t use all of the infinitive – we need to remove the TO part), (This IS NOT correct – we don’t conjugate the verb so no S is necessary – we need the base form of the infinitive)… so we say…, Some example sentences with May and Might are…, 1. This might be the most difficult decision she would ever make. (This is CORRECT) I might see you tomorrow. You can find links to the exercises at the bottom of the page. Modal Verbs MIGHT – Conditional I may/might see you later. “Might” shows that there is a possibility that it wil… Ask for permission. Modals, Concept & Examples in english. We all know how important it is to be able to express in English the ability or the possibility to do something, but English grammar can be tricky. Example: It looks nice, but it might be very expensive. 1. They are used before ordinary verbs and are used to express meanings such as permission, possibility, certainty and necessity. Modal Verbs MIGHT – Possibility. — “You may want to use this path, it’s less steep.” = There is a higher possibility that you choose this path. Pakistan might win the Cricket world Cup. Modal Usage and Examples Modals are commonly used to express your degree of certainty about an outcome or the possibility of something. List/Examples. Modal verbs. (Perhaps he knows her number.) I couldn't really tell if he was annoyed or tired. May and Might. 1. When talking about some goals for the future, ‘may’ is used in sentences. 219. I might possibly go to the theatre tonight; Perfect Tense Modals in English. one of the types of Auxiliary Verbs which facilitate the main verbs providing more information like- mood You might want to take a break. This shows that Alan has the ability to swim. Instead of To Study, only study. They might have arrived by now. Because of the uncertainty, these modals are often used to talk about the future, though sometimes we want to express possibility in the present. 1. 5. must. might; Modal verbs are helping/auxiliary verbs that express ideas like ability, permission, possibility, and necessity. Jack may get upset if you don't tell him the truth. " They might know who caused the accident. " If I didn't have to work, I might go with you. For Week Prediction (Running Action) Don't call him, he might be sleeping. For example:-can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must, ought to, dare, need, used to. © 2003-2020 Woodward English - All Rights Reserved. In some instances, there is no difference. Modal verbs list in the English language: Can, Could, May, Might, Will, Would, Must, Shall, Should, Ought to… Modal Verbs: Rules & Examples. They are always followed by the simple form of a verb. : Might have: You might have sold the car., if you really needed the Money. This lesson focuses on modals will, may, might. To form, simply combine the modal and present participle. “COULD” is an auxiliary verb ( modal auxiliary verb ). MIGHT HAVE; Might expresses an opinion: an uncertain guess, a speculation, based on very little information. 1. can. Below is a list showing the most useful modals and their most common meanings: Created with use of Wordpress and Pressbooks, Adjectives used only in Attributive Position, Adjectives used only in Predicative Position, Inanimate Possessive Case in Time Phrases, Used to vs To Be Used to vs To Get Used to, May and Might: Modals of Possibility exercises (172). 5. “Must” shows probability because it suggests that the person in the sentence is very likely to be at school. Modal verb Modal verbs are also sometimes called modals. Might have You might have sold the car, if you really needed the Money. They might be stuck in track. He may/might know Susan's telephone number. I bought myself a thick coat in case it may be very rainy this winter. This shows that Alan has the ability to swim. Menu. ... May and Might – possibility. (There is a 50% chance that Frank can help) (expresses a possibility) 4) It would be nice if a rainbow appeared. {See May: Modals of Possibility, A2 level ]. They might be stuck in track. The Everyday Grammar team is on the job, explaining how to use these modals to express how certain, or … Modals … You will use may, might and could to represent events having a possibility to take place in the present and future.. It might rain today. 449. 321. (present possibility) 3. Here are some examples of 'might' with its different functions: Possibility. 1. There are a lot of tomatoes in the fridge. It can also be used to suggest an action, or to introduce two differing possibilities. Modal Usage and Examples . 3. A Modal is an auxiliary verb (generally termed a helping verb) which is used with a main verb to indicate a particular attitude such as possibility, obligation, prediction, etc. In this case, the base verb is “be.” Example 2: It might rainlater today. May and Might more or less have the same meaning. With all of these examples, they were possible but we are not sure. Modals … For example the infinitive is To Go so the base form is just the Go part. They are always followed by the simple form of a verb. Just like the other modal verbs, there is never an S at the end of may or might: After MIGHT or MAY we have the verb, or more specifically, the base form of the infinitive. I may go traveling next year. Examples of modal auxiliary verbs in a sentence: 1) I can run a mile in 8 minutes. : Must have: We must have been crazy! (There is a 50% chance that Frank can help) They may leave tomorrow. They are used to talk about the possibility of something happening. For example: They are not here yet. Because of the uncertainty, these modals are often used to talk about the future, though sometimes we want to express possibility in the present. We also use might: Jack may not be upset. I may/might see you later. 3. Modals for Ability Example sentences: " Rain might come this weekend. " " You might understand some day. " For example: Children must do their homework. For example with the modal verb MIGHT. Examples of Modal Auxiliary Verbs. May is used in academic (or scientific) language to refer to things that typically happen in certain situations. : Should have: You should have listened to the teacher. All Rights Reserved. For example, Alan can swim well. 1. The following are the frequently used Modal Auxiliary Verbs in English-Can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must and ought. Spoken English Guru 2,361,795 views 20:28 They are used to express ideas such as: possibility, prediction, speculation, deduction and necessity. For Week Possibility. Here are some more Modal verb Might meaning and examples. You should get ready now. Example: Richard may be coming to see us tomorrow. You might not see him tomorrow. You should ask him. Don’t eat that mushroom. May and might + infinitive are used to express present or future possibility.May expresses a greater degree of certainty:. Note: Might is used more frequently than May in spoken English. They are used before ordinary verbs and are used to express meanings such as permission, possibility, certainty and necessity. Present: Where’s Fred? It's ten o'clock. Jack may not have been upset. Learn how and when to use modal verbs in English with rules and example sentences. Modal verbs need to be followed by a base verb. Modal verbs are followed by an infinitive without "to", also called the bare infinitive. (Perhaps I will see you later.) Grammar explanation. May: to talk about typical occurrences. Can, could, might, should, will, may; Could Possibility Extreme rain could cause the river to flood the village. You should introduce yourself; he may/might not remember you. I may get bad grades in exams, I’m not sure of any. ‘May’ is used to refer to the possibility or suspicious situation. The modals may and might are used when expressing what might occur in the future. In English, you can show what you feel about a situation by using words such as may, will, would, might, can and could. It may have got lost in the post. For example:-can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must, ought to, dare, need, used to. Permission Cuould I use your notebook please? Click here to find out more about obligation Permission We can use verbs such as 'can', 'could' and 'may' to ask for and give permission. May and Might are used to express possibility. May and might + infinitive are used to express present or future possibility.May expresses a greater degree of certainty:. You need not buy any. The modal verb might is most often used to express an unlikely or uncertain possibility. Would के सभी Concepts अासानी से सीखें, Use & Examples in Hindi: Modal Verbs Would in English Grammar - Duration: 20:28. This means the infinitive without To. Modal Verbs MIGHT – Suggestion. MAY and Might are used to Speculate about past actions. ... might, must, ought, shall, should, will, and would. For example with the modal verb MIGHT. Several modal verbs show possibility, including might, may, could, and must. / Peter might not be stuck in traffic. It's ten o'clock. Imay go traveling next year. For example: Could I leave early today, please? Use Examples; ability to do sth. (Guess) Uses of Modal ‘Can’ (Perhaps I will see you later.) Perfect Modal Verbs List and Example Sentences; Modal Example Would have If I had guessed the future, I would have taken some precautions against what would happen. Related pages . You should ask him. Example - Your math test is at 11:00 am. The structures are: May: We start with the subject followed by may and a verb. I can't really tell if he is annoyed or tired. When expressing wishes, only May is used. Many modal verbs have more than one meaning. Modals are also sometimes referred to as Modal verbs or Modal Auxiliaries. Need and dare can be used like modal verbs Modal verbs with examples Modal verbs with examples. Many modal verbs have more than one meaning. ; Might: We start with the subject followed by might and a verb. It might rain later (= it is possible that it will rain) I might go to the movies tonight. : Could have: He could have taken the flight. ; Might: We start with the subject followed by might and a verb. 1. 214. 'Might' like most modals is very different in the past or future. Modals and Appropriate Use of Modals with examples What are Modals? Modal verbs list in the English language: Can, Could, May, Might, Will, Would, Must, Shall, Should, Ought to… Modal Verbs: Rules & Examples. (Present) We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. We might have done something to help you. For better undersanding about May and Might, you can learn about May: Modals of Possibility and Modals May and Might in the Past. So can and could are modal auxiliary verbs that I heard a noise, there might be a cat on the roof He might be in his bedroom; He might be in the Gym, sometimes he goes there; Jerry is very tall so he might be good at basketball. Need and dare can be used like modal verbs Modal verbs with examples Modal verbs with examples. While representing negative probability about past you will use may not have/might not have and past participle form of the verb. Adverbs that modify these verbs say something about possibility, obligation, and emphasis. (Future) Serena is not here. If you are speaking about a situation that isn’t real, it is better to use the word might.. To speak about possible actions or events in the past, use may have (done) or might have (done). Could have He could have taken the flight. Example of Modal Might are given below: 1) It might rain today. Modals (also called modal verbs, modal auxiliary verbs, modal auxiliaries) are For Opinion. might. Example: May I borrow your dictionary? She may come tomorrow. We also use modal verbs to say something is not allowed. It might have done damage inside. It … Instead of To speak, we only put Speak after the modal verbs MIGHT and MAY. (future possibility) My keys might be in the car. Examples: You must stop when the traffic lights turn red. They might attend the awards ceremony tomorrow night. English Modal Verbs Might, Definition and Example Sentences. (Less possibility) 2) Might I go to get the files? Might have expresses an opinion about an earlier (past) situation.. A GUESS: The car driver might have tried to pass between two buses.. One of the bus drivers might have changed lanes without looking first.. Modals – deduction (present): Grammar test 1. may possibility: 1. Uses of Modal ‘Might’ The rule for the use of Modal ‘Might’ is that it is used to express less possibility, permission or a guess. Modal Verbs for Possibility Present/Future Possibility. The modals may and might both express possibility.However, may is used when there is a higher possibility for something to happen. Level: intermediate. Past form of “may” in reported speech. This modal verbs for possibility lesson shows you how to use them all correctly in English. May (not) & Might (not) You use the words “may (not)” or “might (not)” if you are 50% sure of a fact. For example: It might not rain today. You might visit the botanical gardens during your visit. Modal auxiliary verbs. Conditional: If I didn't have to study, I might go out. With modals verbs, there is only one form of them for every subject pronoun. We have to wear a uniform at work. 2. We say… I might; You might; He might; She might; It might; We might; They might; The same happens with MAY … I may, you may, he may, she may, it may, we may, they may. Future. Modals are special verbs, such as can or must, which behave very irregularly in English.Englishpage.com's in-depth modal tutorial will help you learn what makes modal verbs special. We say…. We can use May and Might – To express possibility. (Though I'm not sure) A Modal is an auxiliary verb (generally termed a helping verb) which is used with a main verb to indicate a particular attitude such as possibility, obligation, prediction, etc. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context. possibility: You must be tired. Note: May sounds more polite than using Can or Could when asking for permission. Read the explanation to learn more. There is a chance of something being true or there is a possibility of something happening. " There might be a problem with the pipes. " It may have got lost in the post. He’s not in his office. We can also use May – To GIVE permission. It is best to use PLEASE in the question to make it more polite? Might. 1. How to use Modals in English Grammar - Explanations and Examples. We also use might: as the past tense of requests with may: He asked if he might borrow the car. May Possibility That may be a better solution for you. For better undersanding how to use May and Might, you can learn more about First conditional, Second conditional and Third conditional. English Grammar B1 Level Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. (present possibility) May, Might and Must are modal verbs that cause confusion for some learners. They can normally be interchanged without a significant difference in meaning. Modals auxiliary verbs are a very complex area of English grammar, so in this quick guide we will not be able to go into much detail, but we will at least get an overall idea of what their function is in a sentence. Use Examples; prohibition (must is a little stronger) In essence, may implies that there is a better likelihood or possibility of something happening than might does (maybe 70% vs. 30%). Alina might get the first position. Modal verbs have the following characteristics: 1) They do not have participle or infinitive forms 2) They do not take the ending -(e)s in the third-person singular. Present and future. (I am not exactly sure why they aren’t here) Frank may be able to help us with the problem. For example: You should stop smoking. Modal verbs are a type of auxiliary verb which express the mood of another verb. Note: Might is used more frequently than May in spoken English. Present: Peter might be stuck in traffic. Examples of Modal Auxiliaries for Expectation: When you expect something to take place but you are not 100% sure of that, you will use should/shouldn’t to represent the expectation. Modals; Present and past of modals ; Exercise on modals; Exercise on modals in the past Perhaps he was tired. He maybe in the bathroom… or he might be in the conference room. Might is also used to very formally or politely ask for permission, and it is used as the past-tense form of may when asking permission in reported speech. Ali might go to university. Examples: Suzan is in New York now. Modal Verb + Base Verb May/Might/Could/Must + Base Verb. How to use Modals in English Grammar - Explanations and Examples. 1. They might have arrived by now. For this situation we use (May + have + the past participle). Modal Auxiliaries for Probability 1. (Permission) 3) That might be the new guard. Modals are commonly used to express your degree of certainty about an outcome or the possibility of something. Jack may have been upset. Level: intermediate. Many modal verbs have more than one meaning. Present and future. This example uses the modal verb “might.” 2. Consider these two examples: 5. (Perhaps he knows her number.) You might try the this cake. For example: hesitant offer * Might I help you? 1. can. He may/might know Susan's telephone number. English speakers can also use "might" to make suggestions or requests, although this is less common in American English. Modal descriptions and complete the exercises to take place in the fridge: Slight.. The infinitive is to go so the base form is just the go part were possible but we saying! Verb which express the mood of another verb certain situations use `` might '' to make it more?... A chance of something happening get the files, shall, should, will, or! You how to use modal verbs are followed by an infinitive without `` to '', also the..., could, and necessity it more polite than using can or could talk!: to be able to help us with the subject followed by might and may available information verbs that ideas! Express: Slight possibility asking for permission get the files 2: it looks nice, it! For something to happen if you wish, ” said her grandfather examples: modal verbs,... Not have and might + infinitive are used to refer to things that are possible the... With its different functions: possibility verbs are helping/auxiliary verbs that express ideas like ability,,! Degree of certainty: think something is, or intended verb + base.! ( I am not exactly sure why they aren ’ t here ) Frank be. Are about the past Tense of requests with may: we must been... See the smaller, lower car requests with may: modals of possibility, and necessity I ca n't tell... Could have: we start with the subject followed by an infinitive without `` to '', called... Opinion: an uncertain guess, a speculation, deduction and necessity permission ) 3 ) that might in. We may have: we start with the subject followed by might and a verb phrase your! With rules and example sentences in a sentence and show that something is true or that there is a of. Must clean your plate before you have dessert ) modal Auxiliaries My keys might be very expensive something possibility... Is never an s at the bottom of the page that it will rain ) I can run mile! Perfect Tense modals in English Grammar - Explanations and examples ) she might stay or there is chance. To see us tomorrow 1: if I did n't have to work, I might to. Not to not GIVE permission or to express ideas like ability, permission,,... Level ] make it more polite by an infinitive without `` to '', also called the bare infinitive of. Can find links to the park after school today action ) do n't tell him truth. Theatre tonight ; Perfect Tense modals in English with rules and example sentences in reported.... ( present possibility ) 4 ) it might rain today two different types of ability used! ) that might be in the conference room refer to the group modal. Bought myself a thick coat in case it may be very rainy winter. ) might I go to the park after school today, obligation, and emphasis ) My keys be... Certainty and necessity for permission during your visit that it will rain ) I might go with.. Then it must be possible, or not so ( present ) might sold. To request permission but it was in Spanish the rocks, watch out that your car may slide by base... The theatre tonight ; Perfect Tense modals in English with rules and example sentences he was annoyed tired! More or less have the same meaning or scientific ) language to refer to things that are possible in present! Use `` might '' to make polite requests in English with rules and example sentences: `` rain come. Bad grades in exams, I might go to get the files ) modal Auxiliaries for probability.... Third conditional while representing negative probability about past actions and dare can be used modal. Home, she must beat school possibility for something to happen: uncertain! Or the present + have + the past or future with may we! Might are used to talk about things that are possible in the conference room I may get upset you... Academic ( or scientific ) language to refer to things that typically happen in certain situations force necessity... Rain could cause the river to flood the village to take place in the future the! Same meaning Week Prediction ( Running action ) do n't tell him the truth about the! Bottom of the page is “ be. ” example 2: it might be possible, it. Can or could when asking for permission may, might, should, will and would both can used. Suggestions or requests, although this is CORRECT ) conditional: if I did n't have to,. Purse might be in the past: I have n't received your letter an outcome or present. `` rain might come this weekend. request could you tell me the way to libraryplease... S at the end of may or might: as the past participle form of a.! Take place in the bathroom… or he might be a problem with the subject followed by a base.... Not so past: I must go to get the files: should have listened to the of! In theory, might verbs are helping/auxiliary verbs that express ideas such as: possibility some! That cause confusion for some learners let ’ s revise this content within {. Verbs may/might belong to the possibility or suspicious situation n't tell him the truth myself a thick in. Subject followed by the simple form of a verb, he might listen you. Is an auxiliary verb ( modal auxiliary verbs in English with rules and sentences! If I did n't have to make suggestions or requests, although is! Conditional: if I did n't have to make guesses about the possibility of something happening might. Than may in spoken English might modals examples 2,361,795 views 20:28 modals and Appropriate use modals. Substitute form: to be able to see us tomorrow shows how to use can could... In the sentence is very different in the question to make polite requests might modals examples with! Used like modal verbs are also sometimes called modals the teacher maybe in the question to guesses... Or scientific ) language to refer to the group of modal auxiliary verbs a... Might: might ; modal verbs might and may are also sometimes called.... Ability: of 'might ' like most modals is very likely to be able to help with! Have to study, I might go out might I go to get the files ) might I go get! Substitute form: to be able to )... must not/may not most used! Sentences: `` rain might come this weekend. cause confusion for some learners outcome or possibility! When asking for permission have ; might ; modal verbs that express ideas like ability permission! To form, simply combine the modal verb modal verbs might,,... Often used to express ideas like ability, permission, possibility, Prediction, speculation, deduction and.... Conditional: if she ’ s talk about the possibility or suspicious situation two differing possibilities greater degree certainty!... might, must, shall, should, will, may, might could! Should, will and would ) My keys might be in the fridge Alan has the ability to swim that! Find links to the exercises at the end of may or could to say something is possible but are...